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  • 技術性翻譯工作中需要注意的事項有哪些?

    作者:管理員發布時間:2022-05-19 17:25:56瀏覽次數:107

      技術性翻譯需要保證準確性、專業性,上海臻云翻譯公司帶大家了解技術性翻譯工作中需要注意的事項有哪些?

      Technical translation needs to be accurate and professional. Shanghai Zhenyun translation company will show you what matters need to be paid attention to in technical translation?

      1、直譯,逐字翻譯

      1. Literal translation

      技術性翻譯工作始于嘗試直譯或逐字翻譯。專業術語稱之為形式對等,因為它嚴格遵循源語言的準確詞匯。這是將一種語言翻譯成另一種語言最直接的方式。當源語言中的一個單詞導致目標語言中的一個完全無意義的單詞時,問題很快就會出現。技術準確性并不總能提供最佳或預期的含義。

      Technical translation begins with trying literal translation or word for word translation. Professional terminology calls it formal equivalence because it strictly follows the exact vocabulary of the source language. This is the most direct way to translate one language into another. Problems quickly arise when a word in the source language leads to a completely meaningless word in the target language. Technical accuracy does not always provide the best or expected meaning.

      有些單詞和固定表達不能逐字翻譯而不扭曲或失去意義。有了技術翻譯,克服這些挑戰變得更加重要。醫學語言使用特定于行業的術語,通常以不同目標語言的交替拼寫出現。

      Some words and fixed expressions cannot be translated word by word without distortion or loss of meaning. With technical translation, it becomes more important to overcome these challenges. Medical language uses industry-specific terms, usually in alternate spellings of different target languages.

      此外,醫學縮寫在不同的語言中可以而且確實意味著不同的東西。醫學翻譯是技術翻譯的一個例子,它必須準確無誤,因為任何不準確都會產生嚴重后果。

      In addition, medical abbreviations can and do mean different things in different languages. Medical translation is an example of technical translation. It must be accurate, because any inaccuracy will have serious consequences.

      將你的技術翻譯項目委托給非專業或機器翻譯程序是一個嚴重的錯誤。逐字翻譯通常會誤譯或完全忽略文本的重要部分,尤其是當技術語言包含復雜或特定行業的術語時。

      It is a serious mistake to entrust your technical translation project to a non professional or machine translation program. Word for word translation usually mistranslates or completely ignores important parts of the text, especially when the technical language contains complex or industry-specific terms.

      2、忽略文化差異

      2. Ignore cultural differences

      當直接的“逐字”翻譯不足以反映文化短語和細微差別時,就會出現常見的翻譯錯誤。在這種情況下,譯者經常使用改編,即使用目標語言中的其他單詞或短語來傳達原文的意思。

      When direct "word for word" translation is not enough to reflect cultural phrases and nuances, common translation errors will occur. In this case, translators often use adaptation, that is, using other words or phrases in the target language to convey the meaning of the original text.

      為了避免潛在的嚴重翻譯錯誤,譯者必須超越單詞的字面意義。根據文化背景,識別單詞在特定情況下的含義是非常重要的。雖然有些人聲稱這種方法非常主觀,但它仍然被認為是使源語言適應目標語言的有用和必要的手段,特別是對于不可翻譯的單詞。

      In order to avoid potential serious translation errors, the translator must go beyond the literal meaning of words. According to the cultural background, it is very important to identify the meaning of words in specific situations. Although some people claim that this method is very subjective, it is still considered a useful and necessary means to adapt the source language to the target language, especially for untranslatable words.

      當文化差異造成混亂時,相似的單詞或短語被替換以傳達正確的意思。

      When cultural differences cause confusion, similar words or phrases are replaced to convey the correct meaning.

      3、不理解主題

      3. Don't understand the subject

      太多常見的翻譯錯誤僅僅是不具備要翻譯的主題的工作知識。技術翻譯項目尤其如此。

      Too many common translation errors are simply lack of working knowledge of the subject to be translated. This is especially true for technical translation projects.

      不能從一種語言準確翻譯成另一種語言的特定行業的單詞或術語,在選擇合適的替換單詞或術語之前,必須首先了解它們的使用環境。此外,在目標語言中選擇一個不符合使用語境的不清楚的單詞是一個嚴重的翻譯錯誤。

      Words or terms of specific industries that cannot be accurately translated from one language to another. Before selecting appropriate replacement words or terms, we must first understand their use environment. In addition, it is a serious translation error to select an unclear word in the target language that does not conform to the context of use.

      雖然大多數譯者可能能夠逐字翻譯單詞,但具有主題專業知識的譯者對這些單詞的含義有所理解。這個重要的限定條件意味著你可以依靠一個準確的技術翻譯,它包含了文化差異、地區方言和正確的行業術語。

      Although most translators may be able to translate words word by word, translators with subject-matter expertise have an understanding of the meaning of these words. This important qualification means that you can rely on an accurate technical translation, which includes cultural differences, regional dialects and correct industry terms.

      在特定的技術領域,沒有什么可以替代多年的培訓、教育和經驗。主題專家精通技術翻譯中使用的內容和術語,因為他們在相關行業工作過。

      There is no substitute for years of training, education and experience in specific technical fields. Subject matter experts are proficient in the content and terminology used in technical translation because they have worked in related industries.

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